1881-1969 Frederick Horsman Varley, born at Sheffield (England). Studied at the Sheffield School of Art (1892-1899) and the Antwerp Academy (1900-1902). Was in London, 1904-1908, making magazine illustrations. Lived in and around Sheffield, 1908-1911.
Came to Toronto in 1912. Worked at commercial art for a short time with Grip Limited (1912), then at Rous and Mann (1912-1917). Made his first trip to Algonquin Park with Lismer and Jackson in 1914. Painted for the Canadian War Memorials in France, 1918.
Original member of the Group of Seven, 1920. Painted mostly portraits and some landscapes, 1920-1926. A.R.C.A. in 1922 (resigned in 1941). Taught at the Ontario College of Art, Toronto, 1925-1926. In Vancouver, 1926-1933, as head of the painting
department of the Vancouver School of Art; in 1933 he founded the British Columbia College of Art. Founding member of the Canadian Group of Painters, 1933. In Ottawa, 1936-1940, teaching at the Ottawa Art Association. Travelled to the Arctic in 1938. In
Montreal, 1940-1944, then returned to Ottawa. Returned to Toronto in 1945.